ELECTRIC GOLF CARS AND LEAD-ACID BATTERY CARE
Batteries: “RMI’s Three Rules of Battery Maintenance”
Rule #1: “Keep ‘em Clean.” (Keep the top of the battery cases clean and dry. Sprinkle some baking soda on the cases and rinse them off when dirty with hose water; clean the green corrosion off the battery posts and cables with a wire brush whenever corrosion starts to form. Treat the posts with spray terminal protector, not “axle grease.”)
Rule #2: “Keep ‘em Watered.” (Check water once a month in each cell. DO NOT let the electrolyte level fall below the top of the “plates” inside the cell! Use distilled or reverse-osmosis filtered water if possible, to remove harmful minerals from the water you put into the batteries. Do your final water level check after the batteries are charged, and fill only to 1/8” below the bottom of the neck of the filler cap opening. Over-filling causes the electrolyte to be ejected through the battery caps on to the top of the battery case.)
Rule #3: “Don’t let ‘em Freeze.” (This means keeping the batteries charged. A fully-charged set won’t freeze until the temp falls to -92F. A discharged set will freeze at 19F above. The best care for an electric golf car is to play at least one round of golf every month. If you cannot take your golf car out in the winter, check your charger every 30 days for a “green light,” and force a charge cycle by unplugging the charger from the car and plugging it back in. Make sure your “run-tow switch” is on tow whenever the car is not in use!
Charging Frequency: “Charge your car only Three Times!”
With modern fully-automatic chargers, your batteries like to be charged, and there is little danger of over-charging your batteries. Charge your electric car three times: “SOON, OFTEN, …. and at EVERY OPPORTUNITY!” Lead-acid batteries do NOT have a “memory!” When you get a chance, “double charge” your batteries—run a second charge cycle before using your car. Manufacturers call it “equalization charging,” and it forces a full charge on every cell. (Normally the charger shuts down when the battery pack meets specifications, and one or more cells are left under-charged). If you can “equalize” once every month, you are “getting it done!”
New Batteries: “Season” with care!
New batteries like to be “seasoned” if possible. If you can, just play nine holes before charging. Repeat for several days. And then play no more than 18 before charging, for as many times as possible. Always charge your batteries after play. The batteries will get better and better “run time” capacity for the first 50-100 charge cycles. Finally, remember to bring your golf car in at least every two years for a “discharge test,” which will often detect a faulty battery before you have to replace the full battery set.
Golf Carts are now very common all around the world. They are used as multi-purpose vehicles. They were meant to commute players inside the golf course. But nowadays they are used in shopping malls, resorts, retirement communities etc. E-Z-Go electric golf cart is one among the best manufacturers of carts. But there may be issues affecting the operation of these carts. Some of the troubleshooting techniques are given below.
1. A sticky accelerator is a problem when the accelerator of the cart is in the pressed condition always. This can be checked by listening to a clicking sound. Once the engine is on and the accelerator is pressed, a clicking sound is produced. This sound is heard only when the accelerator is pressed. So if you hear the sound, when you are not pushing the accelerator, then it might be due to sticky accelerator. In such cases contact a good mechanic.
2. Do you experience low pulling torque or power while driving inclined roads? Then it might be due to loose battery connections or low power battery. Securing them tightly can solve the problem. If the battery is drained out, then its best to replace them.
3. Always make sure you maintain the tire pressure constant at the required level. A low tire pressure can reduce the mileage and increase the load on the engine. The recommended tire pressure of an E-Z-Go Golf Cart is between 18 and 22 PSI.
4. Maintenance of the battery is very essential. If properly maintained, a battery can last upto 5 or 6 years. Clean the battery terminals and casing once in a while. Also maintain an adequate level of water inside the battery cells. Use distilled water to refill, in case the water level is too low.
5. Examine all the connections to and from the battery and other electrical fittings. Any loose or faulty connection can lead to malfunctioning of the E-Z-Go Golf Cart. Make sure to tighten any loose contacts using a wrench.
Tips & Warnings
Always wear protective gloves and safety goggles before conducting any type of troubleshooting. Make sure not to over-inflate the tires. Never leave the lights and other battery powered accessories in the ON state. It can deplete the battery charge.
As the popularity of cost-effective and eco-friendly golf car, electric car, and ATV usage is on the rise, the insurance world has yet to specialize in coverage for it, nor are consumers aware of the specific coverage they personally need. LSV Insurance, LLC, the first independent insurance agency to specifically insure all forms of golf cars and low speed vehicles (LSV) has officially opened its doors.
They offer a full line of individual and commercial insurance for the LSV user, from personal auto protection to general liability and inventory coverage for dealers. With all 50 states now making low speed vehicles street legal, it is more important than ever that consumers are properly insured.
Proprietors Chad Boozer and Jerod Summer have founded LSVInsuranceLLC.com, an accessible tool for dealers and individual consumers to receive free rate quotes. The LSV Insurance, LLC team goal is to provide peace of mind for the LSV consumer. Many low speed vehicle owners do not realize their current homeowner’s and/or auto policy, even with extended liability, does not suffice and that there are additional restrictions and regulations in coastal vacation spots and resorts. To avoid these gaps, LSV Insurance, LLC provides that specialty coverage. Company president Chad Boozer adds, “We feel it is time to educate the public on the value of specified insurance for low speed vehicle drivers before it is too late, and accident or injury catches them unaware.”
As of today, LSV Insurance currently is authorized to provide insurance for such vehicles in SC, NC, and GA, and is in the process of expanding coverage, starting with FL and MI. LSV Insurance, LLC, stands behind proper training, vigilant driving and the peace of mind that comes with being fully insured in your Low Speed Vehicle.
For more information about LSV Insurance, LLC or to request a free rate quote visit http://www.LSVInsuranceLLC.com or call 803-708-4835. Visit us on facebook: www.facebook.com/LSVInsurance.
Source: Golf Car Advisor
1. How far can I drive on a charge?
Test runs in ideal conditions have produced run times of up to 30 miles on a full charge; however, in typical hunting conditions which consist of a mixed terrain, realistic run times of 15 to 25 miles per charge can be expected. Terrain, weather conditions and payload directly affect the run time of all electric vehicles.
2. Where do I go for service work?
Take you buggy to any authorized Bad Boy Dealer for service work. We have a dealer locator on our website to assist you in finding a dealer near you.
3. How long does it take to charge the batteries?
It takes 8 to 10 hours to complete a full charge on the batteries.
4. Can I charge the buggy with a generator?
Yes, the Bad Boy Buggy can be charged with a generator. The generator must be a minimum 2500 watt output, however, a 3500 watt output or larger is recommended.
5. How do I change the fluid in the differentials?
To change the fluid in the differential you have to remove the pan from the bottom of the differential. After the fluid has drained, clean the old silicone from the pan edge and bottom of the differential. Apply a new bead of silicone, and reinstall the pan. Remove the fill plug from the bottom of the pan, and using an injector style pump, fill the pan with 12 to 14 ounces of SAE85-140 wt. gear oil, and replace fill plug.
6. How much water should be in the batteries?
The fluid level should barely cover the lead plates in the batteries. Fluid should ALWAYS be added before charging batteries, USING ONLY DISTILLED WATER. If the batteries are overfilled they can boil over when charging, or if the water level is too low, exposed plates can be damaged.
7. What size tires and wheels are on the buggy?
Standard tire size for Classic, Stretch and LT Models – 24 x 11 x 10 Directional Tread Standard tire size for XT Model – 25 x 10 x 12 Directional Tread
8. How do I add 12 volt accessories to the buggy?
Any accessories that require power must be run directly from the batteries, not spliced into other wires. DO NOT USE THE CHASSIS FOR A GROUND, as this will damage the electrical system of the buggy. All grounds must terminate at a battery.
9. Where do I order parts and accessories for my Bad Boy?
Parts and accessories should be ordered through your authorized Bad Boy Buggies dealer.
10. How do I locate my closest dealer?
Go to http://www.badboybuggies.com click on the Locate a Dealer link. There you can click on your state to find a list of dealers for that state.
11. Where are the fuses located on the Bad Boy?
On the XT Model, the fuses are located in driver’s side storage compartment. On all other Model Bad Boy Buggies, the fuses are located beneath the cup holder on the dash panel. You must remove the cup holder to access the fuses. To do this, press inward on the warning label plate, while pulling outward on the cup holder. This will release the 3 locking tabs, allowing the cup holder to be removed from the dash panel. The fuse box will then be visible.
12. How fast will the buggy go?
The speed of the 2009 model Bad Boy Buggy ranges from 18-22 mph, depending on the payload and ground condition.
13. How much water can I safely go through?
It is recommended that the Bad Boy not be driven in water deeper than the center of the axles, or 12 inches.
14. I am getting shorter than normal run time, what could cause this?
Assuming that the charger is functioning properly, the only two things that cause a decrease in run time are defective/weak batteries, or a defective cable or cable connection. A defective cable or cable with a poor connection will be hot to the touch after running the buggy for a few miles. A digital volt meter is required to detect weak or defective batteries. Batteries voltages should only be checked by qualified personnel.
15. Is there a technical manual available?
Service manuals are available on CD for $55.
16. I hear a humming sound when the buggy is on, is this normal?
This question should only pertain to the older “Series” units, with directional contactors. A slight humming sound is normal while the buggy is in operation. The high amount of voltage required to operate the system produces a slight electrical hum and is a normal characteristic of electric vehicles.
17. What is the towing capacity of the Bad Boy?
Towing capacity is rated at 800 lbs, with a 150 lb maximum tongue weight.
18. What is the Bad Boy load capacity?
Load capacity for the Classic and XT Models is 1000 lbs. Load capacity for the LT is 800 lbs.
19. How much air pressure should I run in the tires?
The recommended air pressure is 12 psi in the front tires and 14 psi in the rear tires.
20. My buggy will not run, who should I contact?
Contact your authorized Bad Boy Dealer for all service questions.
21. Where is the controller located?
On the Classic and LT Model, the controllers are located beneath the black plastic cover behind the front seat. The cover is secured to the buggy with five Phillips head screws. After removing the five screws, pull the cover toward the front of the buggy, which will allow you to access the controller. On the XT Model, the controllers are located at the rear of the battery compartment, underneath the front seat.
22. Where is the directional contactor (double Contactor) located?
This question pertains only to the “Series” units. Flip up the front seat and look to the passenger side of the battery compartment. There will be one battery by itself. Between this battery and the rear fender well is the directional contactor. It is low set with several large gauge wires attached to it.
23. Where is the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) located on the buggy?
On the Classic Model, the V.I.N. # is located on the left side of the driver’s side storage compartment. The VIN will be printed across the bottom of a rectangular shaped silver foil tag, and is a 17-digit alpha-numeric number beginning with the letter/numbers “BBE514”. On the XT Model, the V.I.N. # is located on the “Warning Plate” mounted above the cup holder.
24. How much ground clearance does the buggy have?
Ground clearance is 16.5” at the frame.
25. What kind of oil goes in the differentials?
The differentials use standard SAE 85-140 wt. gear oil.
Click one of the links below and download the owners manual of your choice. If you can’t find what you’re looking for give us a call and we can find it for you. 913-829-1211
Weekly Battery Care Tips
Welcome to our 3rd weekly installment of Battery Care Tips presented by Standard Battery Inc.
- Lead acid batteries should be brought up to full charge at the earliest opportunity. Avoid continuously operating batteries in a partially charged condition. This will shorten their life and reduce their capacity.
- Extreme temperatures can substantially affect battery performance and charging. Cold reduces battery capacity and retards charging. Heat increases water usage and can result in overcharging. Very high temperatures can cause “thermal run-away” which may lead to an explosion of fire. If extreme temperature is an unavoidable part of an application, consult one of our specialists about ways to deal with the problem.
- Inactivity can be extremely harmful to all lead acid batteries. If seasonal use is anticipated, we recommend the following;
- Completely charge the battery before storing.
- Remove all electrical connections from the battery, including series or parallel connectors.
- Store the battery in as cool a place as possible. However, do not store in a location which will consistently be below 32°F. Batteries will discharge when stored, the lower temperature the lower the self discharge.
- When not in use, boost every two months.
Available @ RMI
- Improves Traction!
- Complete with Pressed Bearings!
axle74612G01 Units with MPT1000E axle and 73500G01• Compatible with TXT Electric Fleet/PDS units built from 1997-2009 with
• Ideal for lifted TXT units used on moderately rugged terrain similar to what might be
encountered on a cold, wet morning when hunters are driving to their deer stands
• Ideal for demanding use, such as driving in mud, off-road, steep grades, or wet surfaces
• Improves traction in snow, mud, or during rapid acceleration
• Differential comes complete with pressed bearings for easy installment on axles
of friction modifier (611242) used to lubricate the differential gears after assembly.2oz/90 oil and 80W of 25oz
All parts needed are available at RMI Golf carts!
Things You’ll Need:
- Lint-free rag
- Oil drain pan
- Engine degreaser and paintbrush, or compressed air
- 10W-30 grade engine oil
Start the engine and allow it to warm. Park the golf cart on a level surface, apply the parking brake and remove the ignition key.
- Clean the top of the engine’s oil cap, as well as the area immediately surrounding the cap, with a lint-free rag to avoid having potentially harmful debris inadvertently enter the engine when the oil cap is removed.
- Place an oil drain pan underneath the oil filter. The oil filter is located within a triangular metal housing and is attached to the engine with three bolts.
- Remove the oil filter’s three retaining bolts with a wrench, then pull the filter out of the engine and allow the oil to drain into the pan. Do not lose the large rubber O-ring that surrounds the filter.
- Clean the oil filter with either an engine degreaser, available at most automotive parts stores, or with compressed air. If using a degreaser, brush the degreaser onto the filter with a paintbrush and allow it to air dry. If using compressed air, direct the air through the filter at no more than 30 pounds per square inch, and from a distance not less than 3 inches.
- Wipe the area surrounding the engine’s oil filter mount with a lint-free rag, then slide the oil filter into place within the engine and install the filter’s three retaining bolts with a wrench.
- Twist off the engine’s oil cap from the top of the engine, and insert a funnel into the opening. Pour 10W-30 grade engine oil into the funnel in small increments, periodically stopping to check the fluid level on the engine’s oil dipstick. The dipstick has two lines and the letter “F” stamped into it. The line just under the letter “F” represents the full mark, while the bottom line represents the minimum quantity of oil the engine requires to safely operate. Pour oil into the funnel until the oil level on the dipstick is between the two lines.
- Remove the funnel from the oil cap opening, and install the oil cap
To get the most from your E-Z-GO, download its Product & Service Manual by choosing from the list below. Each manual includes valuable information, including safety precautions, simple maintenance tips and how to effectively operate your vehicle. Protect your investment!
Go here to find your correct manual.
Electric golf carts are the most common and energy-efficient mode of transporting golfers and their equipment around a golf course. Nearly all golf carts used for recreational purposes are designed to carry two people and two sets of clubs.
Battery configurations are typically 42 volt systems, which consists of seven 6-volt batteries, or 48 volt systems, which consists of six 8-volt batteries. Some newer carts house 12-volt batteries. Golf cart manufacturers usually provide a two-year or limited four-year warrantee on new sealed lead-acid cart batteries, which are meant to output approximately 20,000 energy units–about 1,000 rounds of golf–when properly maintained.
Golf course maintenance personnel recharge institutionally owned golf carts after every 18-hole round of golf, which lasts approximately four to five hours, and measures approximately 6,000 yards (3.5 miles). Individuals who own personal recreational golf carts should also recharge batteries after every round of golf. Depending on the slope of the terrain and the weight of the load, golf carts can travel up to 6 miles on one full charge.
When licensed, golf carts are also used for short-distance street commutes, especially in retirement communities and residential golf settings. A standard twi-passenger golf cart travels at about 5 miles per hour on flat ground. Some street golf cart models feature four seats, rather than two plus an equipment rack. Still, golf cart batteries should be recharged after four hours of use. Nobody likes to be stranded.
Prolong battery life
It takes several hours to re-charge golf cart batteries that have gone completely dead. To lengthen the lifespan of batteries, make sure they are fully charged before each use. Also check the water level in each battery cell at least once a month, refilling with pure distilled water as necessary. Fill only to the plate level. Water levels that are too high cause the acid mixture to overflow and corrode surrounding parts. A good preventative battery regimen frees golfers from worrying about transportation and enables them to focus on their game.