Vehicle Eliminates Trade-Offs Using Unique Combination of Parallel Gas and Electric Powertrains
AUGUSTA, GA- Outdoorsmen no longer have to choose between the silent, odorless operation of an electric vehicle or the extended range offered by a gas powertrain. With the new Ambush utility vehicle from Bad Boy Buggies, they can do it all.
The Ambush features both a 48‐volt electric drivetrain and a 16 hp, 480cc V‐Twin gas engine, either of which can operate the vehicle independently in two‐wheel‐drive operation, or which can be operated in tandem for four‐wheel‐drive power. With a range of up to 100 miles, the Ambush offers the avid hunter a solution for longer hunting excursions where both extended range and low‐noise, odorless operation are necessary for a successful hunt.
“We are thrilled to announce the addition of the Ambush to the Bad Boy Buggies line of products,” said Eric Bondy, vice president of the consumer value stream for Bad Boy Buggies. “This revolutionary vehicle brings pioneering technology into the outdoor industry, and eliminates the tradeoff hunters previously had to make between an electric vehicle’s silent operation and a gas‐powered machine’s extensive range.”
“The Ambush is the ultimate vehicle for hunters seeking range and power combined with low‐noise, zero‐emissions operation required to sneak up on a trophy kill.”
The Ambush will be available in both a four‐passenger model with a rear‐facing back seat, and a two‐passenger model with a 9.6‐cubic‐foot cargo bed. The vehicle provides three separate operating modes: rear‐wheel‐drive 2WD gas, front‐wheel‐drive 2WD electric, and 4WD with both gas and electric powertrains engaged. Operators can shift from gas to electric mode “on the fly” using a simple control integrated into the vehicle’s keyswitch.
An onboard computer coordinates the operation of the Ambush’s dual powertrains, ensuring that the gas and electric systems work together for maximum power and efficiency and making control easy for the driver.
Other standard features include:
a manually locking rear differential, which can be engaged in 2WD gas or 4WD operation, to help navigate the toughest terrain;
a momentary boost switch that offers immediate 4WD operation at the push of a button to power through the trail’s deepest ruts and eddies;
four‐wheel hydraulic brakes with a regenerative braking feature that recharges the vehicle’s 48‐volt electric drivetrain as the vehicle is in operation;
independent A‐arm front suspension with MacPherson struts to absorb the bumps and jolts of the journey;
front bucket seats to get driver and passenger to the blind in comfort;
a 2‐inch rear hitch receiver to tow implements and equipment ;
headlights and taillights to light the way at dawn and dusk, and a front brush guard to protect the vehicle’s finish in dense brush and on overgrown paths;
a blackout switch that immediately cuts power to vehicle lighting to allow for stealthy approach;
numerous safety features including a rollover protection system (ROPS), hand‐actuated parking brake and optional three‐point seatbelts;
25‐inch trail tires to provide surefooted traction on tough, muddy climbs.
To meet the specific needs or style of any owner, the Ambush can be customized with a wide variety of options and accessories including a winch, optional power bed lift, gun and bow racks, a dry‐storage compartment, ammo box, a weather enclosure, and a heater/defroster.
We are excited to share with you that Yamaha Golf Car Co has announced the introduction of Electronic Fuel Injection as a standard feature for all Yamaha Personal Transport Vehicles!!
Yamaha is the first golf car company to introduce this technology in this market! Yamaha has been manufacturing waverunners, outboard motors, motorcycles, and ATV with this technology for years!
There are many advantages to an EFI set up, but the most exciting for me is the elimination of the pesky choke cable! There are many other advantages such as:
- Cleaner burning with less exhaust emissions
- Smoother, more responsive acceleration
- No need to re-jet to compensate for higher altitudes
- The smallest carbon footprint of any gas powered golf cart
- Provides as much as 38% better gas mileage
RMI Golf Carts is one of the first dealerships to receive these units! We expect to have our first load sometime in the next 7-10 days! Please stop by our showroom and test drive the new Yamaha Fuel Injected Golf Cart!
ELECTRIC GOLF CARS AND LEAD-ACID BATTERY CARE
Batteries: “RMI’s Three Rules of Battery Maintenance”
Rule #1: “Keep ‘em Clean.” (Keep the top of the battery cases clean and dry. Sprinkle some baking soda on the cases and rinse them off when dirty with hose water; clean the green corrosion off the battery posts and cables with a wire brush whenever corrosion starts to form. Treat the posts with spray terminal protector, not “axle grease.”)
Rule #2: “Keep ‘em Watered.” (Check water once a month in each cell. DO NOT let the electrolyte level fall below the top of the “plates” inside the cell! Use distilled or reverse-osmosis filtered water if possible, to remove harmful minerals from the water you put into the batteries. Do your final water level check after the batteries are charged, and fill only to 1/8” below the bottom of the neck of the filler cap opening. Over-filling causes the electrolyte to be ejected through the battery caps on to the top of the battery case.)
Rule #3: “Don’t let ‘em Freeze.” (This means keeping the batteries charged. A fully-charged set won’t freeze until the temp falls to -92F. A discharged set will freeze at 19F above. The best care for an electric golf car is to play at least one round of golf every month. If you cannot take your golf car out in the winter, check your charger every 30 days for a “green light,” and force a charge cycle by unplugging the charger from the car and plugging it back in. Make sure your “run-tow switch” is on tow whenever the car is not in use!
Charging Frequency: “Charge your car only Three Times!”
With modern fully-automatic chargers, your batteries like to be charged, and there is little danger of over-charging your batteries. Charge your electric car three times: “SOON, OFTEN, …. and at EVERY OPPORTUNITY!” Lead-acid batteries do NOT have a “memory!” When you get a chance, “double charge” your batteries—run a second charge cycle before using your car. Manufacturers call it “equalization charging,” and it forces a full charge on every cell. (Normally the charger shuts down when the battery pack meets specifications, and one or more cells are left under-charged). If you can “equalize” once every month, you are “getting it done!”
New Batteries: “Season” with care!
New batteries like to be “seasoned” if possible. If you can, just play nine holes before charging. Repeat for several days. And then play no more than 18 before charging, for as many times as possible. Always charge your batteries after play. The batteries will get better and better “run time” capacity for the first 50-100 charge cycles. Finally, remember to bring your golf car in at least every two years for a “discharge test,” which will often detect a faulty battery before you have to replace the full battery set.
Golf Carts are now very common all around the world. They are used as multi-purpose vehicles. They were meant to commute players inside the golf course. But nowadays they are used in shopping malls, resorts, retirement communities etc. E-Z-Go electric golf cart is one among the best manufacturers of carts. But there may be issues affecting the operation of these carts. Some of the troubleshooting techniques are given below.
1. A sticky accelerator is a problem when the accelerator of the cart is in the pressed condition always. This can be checked by listening to a clicking sound. Once the engine is on and the accelerator is pressed, a clicking sound is produced. This sound is heard only when the accelerator is pressed. So if you hear the sound, when you are not pushing the accelerator, then it might be due to sticky accelerator. In such cases contact a good mechanic.
2. Do you experience low pulling torque or power while driving inclined roads? Then it might be due to loose battery connections or low power battery. Securing them tightly can solve the problem. If the battery is drained out, then its best to replace them.
3. Always make sure you maintain the tire pressure constant at the required level. A low tire pressure can reduce the mileage and increase the load on the engine. The recommended tire pressure of an E-Z-Go Golf Cart is between 18 and 22 PSI.
4. Maintenance of the battery is very essential. If properly maintained, a battery can last upto 5 or 6 years. Clean the battery terminals and casing once in a while. Also maintain an adequate level of water inside the battery cells. Use distilled water to refill, in case the water level is too low.
5. Examine all the connections to and from the battery and other electrical fittings. Any loose or faulty connection can lead to malfunctioning of the E-Z-Go Golf Cart. Make sure to tighten any loose contacts using a wrench.
Tips & Warnings
Always wear protective gloves and safety goggles before conducting any type of troubleshooting. Make sure not to over-inflate the tires. Never leave the lights and other battery powered accessories in the ON state. It can deplete the battery charge.
Check out E-Z-GO on the Ellen DeGeneres Show! She gave Justin Bieber an E-Z-GO 2Five for his birthday. Take a look at our Ellen Show photo album and visit this link to see the E-Z-GO 2Five as the Backstage Photo of the Week.
As the popularity of cost-effective and eco-friendly golf car, electric car, and ATV usage is on the rise, the insurance world has yet to specialize in coverage for it, nor are consumers aware of the specific coverage they personally need. LSV Insurance, LLC, the first independent insurance agency to specifically insure all forms of golf cars and low speed vehicles (LSV) has officially opened its doors.
They offer a full line of individual and commercial insurance for the LSV user, from personal auto protection to general liability and inventory coverage for dealers. With all 50 states now making low speed vehicles street legal, it is more important than ever that consumers are properly insured.
Proprietors Chad Boozer and Jerod Summer have founded LSVInsuranceLLC.com, an accessible tool for dealers and individual consumers to receive free rate quotes. The LSV Insurance, LLC team goal is to provide peace of mind for the LSV consumer. Many low speed vehicle owners do not realize their current homeowner’s and/or auto policy, even with extended liability, does not suffice and that there are additional restrictions and regulations in coastal vacation spots and resorts. To avoid these gaps, LSV Insurance, LLC provides that specialty coverage. Company president Chad Boozer adds, “We feel it is time to educate the public on the value of specified insurance for low speed vehicle drivers before it is too late, and accident or injury catches them unaware.”
As of today, LSV Insurance currently is authorized to provide insurance for such vehicles in SC, NC, and GA, and is in the process of expanding coverage, starting with FL and MI. LSV Insurance, LLC, stands behind proper training, vigilant driving and the peace of mind that comes with being fully insured in your Low Speed Vehicle.
For more information about LSV Insurance, LLC or to request a free rate quote visit http://www.LSVInsuranceLLC.com or call 803-708-4835. Visit us on facebook: www.facebook.com/LSVInsurance.
Source: Golf Car Advisor
The following is a table showing identification numbers, type and model of Harley/Columbia ParCar Golf Carts.
|1963 -1969||DXXXX||3 Wheel Gas|
|DEXXX||3 Wheel Electric|
|3b||3-Wheel Gas D3|
|4B||3-Wheel Electric DE3|
|7C||4 Wheel Gas D4|
|8C||4-Wheel Electric DE4|
|8D||4-Wheel Electric DE-40 76-78|
|3B||3 Wheel Gas D3|
|4B||3-Wheel Electric DE3|
|7C||4 Wheel Gas D4|
|3K||4 Wheel gas D4 80’s classic|
|8D||4 Wheel electric MG1V Challenger|
|5K||4 Wheel Gas DX4 ’82|
|3B||3-Wheel Gas D3|
|4B||3-Wheel Electric DE3|
|5K||4-Wheel Gas DX4|
|6K||4-Wheel Electric DEX4|
|9K||Electric Utility DE4|
|2L||4-Wheel Gas P4G|
|3L||4-Wheel Electric P4E|
|2L||4-Wheel Gas P4G|
|5K||4-Wheel Gas Classic|
|6K||4-Wheel Electric Classic|
|7K||4-Wheel Gas Utility|
|9K||4-Wheel Electric Utility|
|2M||4-Wheel Electric Shuttle|
|3M||4-Wheel Gas Shuttle|
Bad Boy Buggies spec sheets for the following models, XTO, Classic, and LT. Click on the links below.
1. How far can I drive on a charge?
Test runs in ideal conditions have produced run times of up to 30 miles on a full charge; however, in typical hunting conditions which consist of a mixed terrain, realistic run times of 15 to 25 miles per charge can be expected. Terrain, weather conditions and payload directly affect the run time of all electric vehicles.
2. Where do I go for service work?
Take you buggy to any authorized Bad Boy Dealer for service work. We have a dealer locator on our website to assist you in finding a dealer near you.
3. How long does it take to charge the batteries?
It takes 8 to 10 hours to complete a full charge on the batteries.
4. Can I charge the buggy with a generator?
Yes, the Bad Boy Buggy can be charged with a generator. The generator must be a minimum 2500 watt output, however, a 3500 watt output or larger is recommended.
5. How do I change the fluid in the differentials?
To change the fluid in the differential you have to remove the pan from the bottom of the differential. After the fluid has drained, clean the old silicone from the pan edge and bottom of the differential. Apply a new bead of silicone, and reinstall the pan. Remove the fill plug from the bottom of the pan, and using an injector style pump, fill the pan with 12 to 14 ounces of SAE85-140 wt. gear oil, and replace fill plug.
6. How much water should be in the batteries?
The fluid level should barely cover the lead plates in the batteries. Fluid should ALWAYS be added before charging batteries, USING ONLY DISTILLED WATER. If the batteries are overfilled they can boil over when charging, or if the water level is too low, exposed plates can be damaged.
7. What size tires and wheels are on the buggy?
Standard tire size for Classic, Stretch and LT Models – 24 x 11 x 10 Directional Tread Standard tire size for XT Model – 25 x 10 x 12 Directional Tread
8. How do I add 12 volt accessories to the buggy?
Any accessories that require power must be run directly from the batteries, not spliced into other wires. DO NOT USE THE CHASSIS FOR A GROUND, as this will damage the electrical system of the buggy. All grounds must terminate at a battery.
9. Where do I order parts and accessories for my Bad Boy?
Parts and accessories should be ordered through your authorized Bad Boy Buggies dealer.
10. How do I locate my closest dealer?
Go to http://www.badboybuggies.com click on the Locate a Dealer link. There you can click on your state to find a list of dealers for that state.
11. Where are the fuses located on the Bad Boy?
On the XT Model, the fuses are located in driver’s side storage compartment. On all other Model Bad Boy Buggies, the fuses are located beneath the cup holder on the dash panel. You must remove the cup holder to access the fuses. To do this, press inward on the warning label plate, while pulling outward on the cup holder. This will release the 3 locking tabs, allowing the cup holder to be removed from the dash panel. The fuse box will then be visible.
12. How fast will the buggy go?
The speed of the 2009 model Bad Boy Buggy ranges from 18-22 mph, depending on the payload and ground condition.
13. How much water can I safely go through?
It is recommended that the Bad Boy not be driven in water deeper than the center of the axles, or 12 inches.
14. I am getting shorter than normal run time, what could cause this?
Assuming that the charger is functioning properly, the only two things that cause a decrease in run time are defective/weak batteries, or a defective cable or cable connection. A defective cable or cable with a poor connection will be hot to the touch after running the buggy for a few miles. A digital volt meter is required to detect weak or defective batteries. Batteries voltages should only be checked by qualified personnel.
15. Is there a technical manual available?
Service manuals are available on CD for $55.
16. I hear a humming sound when the buggy is on, is this normal?
This question should only pertain to the older “Series” units, with directional contactors. A slight humming sound is normal while the buggy is in operation. The high amount of voltage required to operate the system produces a slight electrical hum and is a normal characteristic of electric vehicles.
17. What is the towing capacity of the Bad Boy?
Towing capacity is rated at 800 lbs, with a 150 lb maximum tongue weight.
18. What is the Bad Boy load capacity?
Load capacity for the Classic and XT Models is 1000 lbs. Load capacity for the LT is 800 lbs.
19. How much air pressure should I run in the tires?
The recommended air pressure is 12 psi in the front tires and 14 psi in the rear tires.
20. My buggy will not run, who should I contact?
Contact your authorized Bad Boy Dealer for all service questions.
21. Where is the controller located?
On the Classic and LT Model, the controllers are located beneath the black plastic cover behind the front seat. The cover is secured to the buggy with five Phillips head screws. After removing the five screws, pull the cover toward the front of the buggy, which will allow you to access the controller. On the XT Model, the controllers are located at the rear of the battery compartment, underneath the front seat.
22. Where is the directional contactor (double Contactor) located?
This question pertains only to the “Series” units. Flip up the front seat and look to the passenger side of the battery compartment. There will be one battery by itself. Between this battery and the rear fender well is the directional contactor. It is low set with several large gauge wires attached to it.
23. Where is the Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) located on the buggy?
On the Classic Model, the V.I.N. # is located on the left side of the driver’s side storage compartment. The VIN will be printed across the bottom of a rectangular shaped silver foil tag, and is a 17-digit alpha-numeric number beginning with the letter/numbers “BBE514”. On the XT Model, the V.I.N. # is located on the “Warning Plate” mounted above the cup holder.
24. How much ground clearance does the buggy have?
Ground clearance is 16.5” at the frame.
25. What kind of oil goes in the differentials?
The differentials use standard SAE 85-140 wt. gear oil.
Application & Preference
When new customers come in they invariably ask, “What’s better, gas or electric?” My answer is always the same – it largely depends on how you plan to use your golf car and what your preferences are. These days, people get pretty creative with their golf carts so the intended uses can vary more than you might think. For the average user either type of golf car will make a perfectly fine recreational vehicle. Electric golf carts run nearly silently and have no fuels or oils to deal with, perfect for supporters of the green movement. Gas golf carts are a little more on the noisy side and will obviously require gas to operate – regular unleaded, to be exact.
Electric golf carts do depend on their batteries for power, so if you’re someone who wants to use your golf cart for hours upon hours at a time, you may want to stick with gas. This especially holds true for those that enjoy camping and RVing – if you don’t have access to power neither will your electric golf cart.
Another point that’s often forgotten is the amount of accessories you plan to install on your golf cart. If you want stereos, lighting, fans, heaters, etc. all of this takes a considerable amount of power. For an electric cart this energy comes right out of the same bank of batteries that your motor relies on. Gas golf cart accessories will also rely on battery power, however, they feature a starter/generator that will charge the battery on its own while the gas pedal is depressed. This doesn’t mean a gas golf cart battery is invincible – any accessories left on while the cart isn’t running will eventually kill your battery.
In the beginning, golf cars were designed to simply be what their name implies – cars for golfing. While either type of cart can easily haul you and a friend around most reasonable kinds of terrain there are other points to consider when making a decision – especially for those who expect (or demand) a little more.
With horsepower ratings ranging from 10-12 HP, gas golf cars are as much as 3-4 times more powerful than their electric counterparts. An electric golf cart, on average, will feature a 3-5 HP electric motor – but that’s not to say electric carts aren’t impressively powerful in their own right. Light hauling and yard work can be done with either type of vehicle and both will perform satisfactorily. However, those who demand power in off-road conditions with rugged terrain and steep inclines will almost always want to stick with gas power.
As we mentioned before, electric golf carts aren’t for those who wish to joy ride for hours a day. An electric cart will typically get around two hours of continuous motor run time before the batteries will need re-charging. This translates to anywhere between 18-25 miles depending on usage and the terrain – still pretty impressive. On the gas side of things manufacturers have made great strides in improving gas efficiency and the Yamaha Drive currently leads the pack in fuel economy by averaging nearly 29 MPG.
Aside from power sources and horsepower ratings, both types of vehicles operate in much the same fashion. To the untrained eye you couldn’t tell the two apart from each other and for the most part they both ride and handle the same. Both types of vehicles will get about 14-15 mph top-speed (unmodified).
All in all, both types of golf carts have fairly light requirements when it comes to maintenance. With electric carts your main concern lies within your batteries – make sure you check the water levels monthly (at least) and top-off as needed. The batteries are the life-blood of an electric car and with a replacement set costing well over $600 these days it’s not something you want to ignore. With proper maintenance of batteries and responsible charging habits you can expect to get 5-6 years (sometimes longer) of solid performance before they will need replacing. In comparison, neglecting your batteries can shorten their lifespan to as little as 1-2 years.
Gas golf carts, on the other hand, do require periodic oil changes as well as replacement air/fuel filters and spark plugs when necessary. For the do-it-yourselfer it’s pretty routine stuff if you don’t mind getting a little dirty. Filters are relatively inexpensive and golf cart motors take only a quart or so of 10W30 oil after every 250 hours of motor run time. The best way to stay on top of maintenance is to purchase and install an hour meter for the motor and with proper care a gas golf cart can last you a lifetime.
Now that you have a better idea of how both gas and electric golf cars operate, hopefully you’ll have an easier time making a decision. Keep in mind, this article is comparing “standard” golf carts. There are motor and controller upgrades out there to get the power of a gas golf car (and more) in electric form – though that is beyond the scope of this article.
Source: Diversified Golf Cars